Civil Engineering Publications By Application


Concrete Products

Asphalt (Rubber Modified)

Granular Base Material (“Rubber Sands,” Under Roads & Structures)

Structural Fill & Embankments

Technical Specifications

Environmental Issues

Cost Considerations

  • Bond, D. (2005) “Technical and cost benefits of recycled and secondary aggregates: Supply chain case studies (infrastructure).” Waste & Resources Action Programme. (UK)
  • Humphrey, D. N., Dunn, P. A., and Merfeld, P. S. (2000) “Tire Shreds Save Money for Maine.” (ME)

Erosion Control


  • Chestertown Conservation Club, Warren County, berm and backstop at shooting range, (1990’s) (NY)
  • Fort Drum, Jefferson County, earthen wall for house to train army personel (1990’s) (NY)
  • Private Residence, Schenectady County, earthen landscape retaining wall (2005) (NY)
  • Private Residence, Tompkins County, earthen walls for house (1990’s) (NY)
  • TYRE_SPACE© Elastic Building Frames Applied in Urban and Rural Environments
  • Sara Spa Rod & Gun Club, Saratoga County, backstop at shooting range (2006) (NY)Tire Bales


  • Adirondack International Speedway, Lewis County, crash absorber racetrack barrier walls (2000’s) (NY)
  • Arthritis Foundation, Albany, crash absorber, temporary racetrack barrier walls (2000’s) (NY)
  • Chautauqua County, lightweight tire bales, drainage (2001-2004) (NY)
  • Washington County, lightweight tire bales, drainage (2002) (NY)